Vaginal artery

The vaginal artery is an artery in females that supplies blood to the vagina and the base of the bladder.

Vaginal artery
Arteries of the female reproductive tract (posterior view): uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries.
Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view.
SourceInternal iliac artery
Uterine artery
Veinvaginal venous plexus
Suppliesurinary bladder, ureter, vagina
Latinarteria vaginalis
Anatomical terminology


The vaginal artery is usually defined as a branch of the internal iliac artery.

Vaginal artery

Some sources say that the vaginal artery can arise from the internal iliac artery or the uterine artery.[1] However, the phrase vaginal branches of uterine artery is the Terminologia Anatomica term for blood supply to the vagina coming from the uterine artery.

Some texts consider the inferior vesical artery to be found only in males, and that this structure in females is a vaginal artery.


It descends to the vagina, supplying its mucous membrane. It can send branches to the bulb of the vestibule, the fundus of the bladder, and the contiguous part of the rectum.

The vaginal artery is frequently represented by two or three branches.

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 616 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 290. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0.
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