Inferior vesical artery

The inferior vesical artery or inferior vesicle artery is an artery in the pelvis that supplies the lower part of the bladder.

Inferior vesicle artery
The arteries of the pelvis.
Same picture, showing the source of inferior vesical artery, the internal iliac artery, with other branches.
SourceInternal iliac artery
VeinVesical venous plexus
SuppliesProstate, seminal vesicle, urinary bladder, vas deferens
Latinarteria vesicalis inferior
Anatomical terminology


The inferior vesical artery is a branch (direct or indirect) of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It frequently arises in common with the middle rectal artery, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder. In males, it also supplies the prostate and the seminal vesicles. The branches to the prostate communicate with the corresponding vessels of the opposite side.


Some texts consider it to be found only in males, and cite the vaginal artery as the homologous structure in females.[1]

Other texts consider it to be present in both males and females.[2] In these contexts, the inferior vesical artery in females is a small branch of a vaginal artery.

Additional Images

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 615 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 289. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0.
  2. Anatomy photo:43:13-0301 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"
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