Peroneus tertius

The peroneus tertius (also known as fibularis tertius) is a muscle of the human body located in the lower limb.

Peroneus tertius
Origindistal anterior surface of the fibula also the interosseous membrane
Insertiondorsal surface of metatarsal 5
Arteryanterior tibial artery
Nervedeep fibular nerve
Actionsdorsiflexion and eversion of the foot
LatinMusculus peronaeus tertius, musculus fibularis tertius
Anatomical terms of muscle

The muscle arises from the lower third of the anterior surface of the fibula (anterior compartment of lower leg); from the lower part of the interosseous membrane; and from an intermuscular septum between it and the peroneus brevis muscle. The septum is sometimes called the intermuscular septum of Otto.

The tendon, after passing under the superior extensor retinaculum of foot and inferior extensor retinaculum of foot in the same canal as the extensor digitorum longus, is inserted into the dorsal surface of the base of the metatarsal bone of the fifth digit.

It is innervated by the deep fibular nerve, unlike the other peroneal muscles which are innervated by the superficial fibular nerve, since the peroneus tertius is a member of the anterior compartment.

Its action is that of weak dorsiflexion of the ankle joint and to evert the foot at the ankle joint.

The muscle may be absent in humans; it is seldom found in other primates, a fact that has linked its function to efficient terrestrial bipedalism.

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 482 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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