Lateral sacral artery

The lateral sacral arteries arise from the posterior division of the internal iliac artery; there are usually two, a superior and an inferior.

Lateral sacral artery
Internal iliac artery and some branches. Lateral sacral artery labeled at upper right.
The iliac veins. (Lateral sacral labeled at bottom left.)
SourceInternal iliac artery
VeinLateral sacral veins
SuppliesErector spinae, Piriformis muscle, Sacral canal
Latinarteriae sacrales laterales
Anatomical terminology


The superior, of large size, passes medialward, and, after anastomosing with branches from the middle sacral, enters the first or second anterior sacral foramen, supplies branches to the contents of the sacral canal, and, escaping by the corresponding posterior sacral foramen, is distributed to the skin and muscles on the dorsum of the sacrum, anastomosing with the superior gluteal.


The inferior runs obliquely across the front of the piriformis and the sacral nerves to the medial side of the anterior sacral foramina, descends on the front of the sacrum, and anastomoses over the coccyx with the middle sacral and opposite lateral sacral artery.

In its course it gives off branches, which enter the anterior sacral foramina; these, after supplying the contents of the sacral canal, escapes by the posterior sacral foramina, and are distributed to the muscles and skin on the dorsal surface of the sacrum, anastomosing with the gluteal arteries.

See also

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 621 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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