Temporal fascia

It is a strong, fibrous investment, covered, laterally, by the auricularis anterior and superior, by the galea aponeurotica, and by part of the orbicularis oculi.

Temporal fascia
The temporalis; the zygomatic arch and masseter have been removed.
Muscles of the head, face, and neck. (Temporal fascia labeled at top center.)
Latinfascia temporalis
Anatomical terminology

The temporal fascia covers the temporalis muscle.

The superficial temporal vessels and the auriculotemporal nerve cross it from below upward.

Superiorly, it is a single layer, attached to the entire extent of the superior temporal line; but inferiorly, where it is fixed to the zygomatic arch, it consists of two layers, one of which is inserted into the lateral, and the other into the medial border of the arch.

A small quantity of fat, the orbital branch of the superficial temporal artery, and a filament from the zygomatic branch of the maxillary nerve, are contained between these two layers.

It affords attachment by its deep surface to the superficial fibers of the temporalis.

The parotid fascia proceeds to the temporal fascia.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 386 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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