Rectus capitis anterior muscle

The rectus capitis anterior (rectus capitis anticus minor) is a short, flat muscle, situated immediately behind the upper part of the Longus capitis.

Rectus capitis anterior muscle
The anterior vertebral muscles. Rectus capitis anterior muscle labeled in purple
Anterior view of rectus capitis anterior muscle. Skull has been removed (except for occipital bone)
OriginAtlas (C1)
InsertionBasilar part of the occipital bone
ArteryAscending artery
NerveVentral primary rami of spinal nerves C1-2
ActionsFlexion of neck at atlanto-occipital joint
LatinMusculus rectus capitis anterior
Anatomical terms of muscle

It arises from the anterior surface of the lateral mass of the atlas, and from the root of its transverse process, and passing obliquely upward and medialward, is inserted into the inferior surface of the basilar part of the occipital bone immediately in front of the foramen magnum.

action: aids in flexion of the head and the neck; nerve supply: C1, C2.[1]

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 395 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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