Tricuspid atresia

Tricuspid atresia is a form of congenital heart disease whereby there is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve. Therefore, there is an absence of right atrioventricular connection. This leads to a hypoplastic (undersized) or absent right ventricle. This defect is contracted during prenatal development, when the heart does not finish developing. It causes the heart to be unable to properly oxygenate the rest of the blood in the body. Because of this, the body does not have enough oxygen to live, so other defects must occur to maintain blood flow. Because of the lack of an A-V connection, an atrial septal defect (ASD) must be present to fill the left ventricle with blood. Also, since there is a lack of a right ventricle there must be a way to pump blood into the pulmonary arteries, and this is accomplished by a ventricular septal defect (VSD). The causes of Tricupsid atresia are unknown.[2]

Tricuspid atresia
Other namesTri atressia[1]
Anterior (frontal) view of the opened heart. White arrows indicate normal blood flow. (Tricuspid valve labeled at bottom left.)
SpecialtyMedical genetics 

An atrial septal defect (ASD) and a ventricular septal defect (VSD) must both be present to maintain blood flow-from the right atrium, the blood must flow through the ASD to the left atrium to the left ventricle and through the VSD to the right ventricle to allow access to the lungs



CXR : decreased pulmonary blood flow and oligemic lung field

ECG : left axis deviation



External resources

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