Scrotal septum

The septum of the scrotum is a vertical layer of fibrous tissue that divides the two compartments of the scrotum. It consists of flexible connective tissue. Its structure extends to the skin surface of the scrotum as the scrotal raphe.[1] It is an incomplete wall of connective tissue and nonstriated muscle (dartos fascia) dividing the scrotum into two sacs, each containing a testis.[2][3]

Schematic sections of scrotum
Image showing human scrotum with the scrotal raphe visible. Note in this example the raphe is offset, running over the front of the left testicle.

Histological septa are seen throughout most tissues of the body, particularly where they are needed to stiffen soft cellular tissue, and they also provide planes of ingress for small blood vessels. Because the dense collagen fibres of a septum usually extend out into the softer adjacent tissues. A septum is a cross-wall. Thus it divides a structure into smaller parts.

The scrotal septum is used in reconstructive surgery to restore tissue and or reproductive organs injured or severed by trauma.[4]

See also


  • This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)
  • Van De Graaff, Kent M.; Fox, Stuart Ira (1989). Concepts of Human Anatomy and Physiology. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown Publishers. ISBN 0697056759.
  • Elson, Lawrence; Kapit, Wynn (1977). The Anatomy Coloring. New York City: Harper & Row. ISBN 0064539148.
  • "Gross Anatomy Image". Medical Gross Anatomy Atlas Images. University of Michigan Medical School. 1997. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  • Berkow, MD, editor, Robert (1977). The Merck Manual of Medical Information; Home Edition. Whitehouse Station, New Jersey: Merck Research Laboratories. ISBN 0911910875.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)


  1. Mediastinum dictionary definition
  2. "Scrotal Septum – Medical Definition". Medlixicon Medical Dictionary. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  3. "Scrotal Septum – definition of scrotal septum". The Free Dictionary's Medical dictionary. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  4. Male Sexual Dysfunction: Pathophysiology and Treatment, edited by Fouad R. Kandeel, ISBN 978-0824724399 ISBN 0824724399 Edition: 1st, 2007. New York. page 502
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