Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm

The medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (internal cutaneous nerve, medial cutaneous nerve of forearm) branches from the medial cord of the brachial plexus.

Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm
Diagram of segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right upper extremity. Posterior view. ("Medial antebrach. cutan." visible in green.)
FromMedial cord
LatinNervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

It contains axons from the eighth cervical and first thoracic nerves, and at its commencement is placed medial to the axillary artery.

It gives off a branch near the axilla, which pierces the fascia and supplies the skin covering the biceps brachii, nearly as far as the elbow.

The nerve then runs down the ulnar side of the arm medial to the brachial artery, pierces the deep fascia with the basilic vein, about the middle of the arm, and divides into a volar and an ulnar branch.

Volar branch

The volar branch (ramus volaris; anterior branch), the larger, passes usually in front of, but occasionally behind, the vena mediana cubiti (median basilic vein).

It then descends on the front of the ulnar side of the forearm, distributing filaments to the skin as far as the wrist, and communicating with the palmar cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve.

Medial antebrachial nerve

Ulnar branch

The ulnar branch (ramus ulnaris; posterior branch) passes obliquely downward on the medial side of the basilic vein, in front of the medial epicondyle of the humerus, to the back of the forearm, and descends on its ulnar side as far as the wrist, distributing filaments to the skin.

It communicates with the medial brachial cutaneous, the dorsal antebrachial cutaneous branch of the radial, and the dorsal branch of the ulnar.

See also

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 937 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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