The cloaca is a structure in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs.
Tail end of human embryo thirty-two to thirty-three days old. Cloaca is visible at center left. The endodermal cloaca is labeled with green, while the ectodermal cloaca is seen as a colorless crest on the outside.
|Gives rise to||Urogenital sinus (anteriorly) and Anorectal canal (posteriorly)|
The hind-gut is at first prolonged backward into the body-stalk as the tube of the allantois; but, with the growth and flexure of the tail-end of the embryo, the body-stalk, with its contained allantoic tube, is carried forward to the ventral aspect of the body, and consequently a bend is formed at the junction of the hind-gut and allantois.
This bend becomes dilated into a pouch, which constitutes the endodermal cloaca; into its dorsal part the hind-gut opens, and from its ventral part the allantois passes forward.
By the growth of the surrounding tissues the cloacal membrane comes to lie at the bottom of a depression, which is lined by ectoderm and named the ectodermal cloaca.
A rare birth defect which leaves much of the abdominal organs exposed is known as cloacal exstrophy.
- Human embryo about fifteen days old.
- Front view of two successive stages in the development of the digestive tube.
- Tail end of human embryo from fifteen to eighteen days old.
- Cloaca of human embryo from twenty-five to twenty-seven days old.
- Tail end of human embryo twenty-five to twenty-nine days old.
- Primitive kidney and bladder, from a reconstruction.
- Stages in the development of the external sexual organs in the male and female.