School Meals: Meeting Youth Nutrition Needs
Survey says…schools are working to increase access to fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and reduce sodium content of school meals.
The number of schools using healthy practices to offer a variety of fruits and vegetables and reduce sodium in meals has increased significantly between the years 2000 to 2014. These changes are important because school meal programs are a major source of nutrition for many young people in the United States.
Specifically each day
- More than 30 million students participate in the National School Lunch Program.
- More than 13 million students participate in the School Breakfast Program.
CDC researchers analyzed school-level data from the 2000, 2006, and 2014 School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) to understand how schools were implementing 9 school nutrition services practices related to fruits, vegetables, whole grain, and sodium in school meals, and examine trends over time. Most of the respondents for the nutrition services questionnaire were food service managers and other school nutrition services staff.
Salad bars are one way to provide students with more fruit and vegetable options.
So how well did schools do on implementing the federal meal practices?
Overall, almost all (97%) schools were using at least 1 of the 9 practices and nearly half (48%) were using between 4-6 practices.
- Almost all schools offered whole grains each day.
- 97% at breakfast.
- 94% at lunch.
- Most schools offered a variety of fruits and vegetables for lunch each day.
- 79% offered two or more different vegetables.
- 78% offered two or more different fruits.
- Almost 1 of 3 schools offered self-serve salad bars.
- More than half of the schools that prepared food at the school tried to reduce salt content.
- 54% used fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned.
- 52% used low salt, canned vegetables instead of regular canned.
- 65% used other seasonings instead of salt.
- 68% used low-salt recipes.
Between 2000 and 2014, the percentage of schools implementing five of these practices to offer more fruits and vegetables and reduce the sodium content of meals has increased significantly.
What else can schools do to provide healthier meals for students?
- Seek funding to upgrade kitchen equipment including more knife sets with cutting boards, utility carts, food processors, and refrigeration for fresh produce.
- Participate in partnerships like Let’s Move Salad Bars to provide more salad bars in schools.
- Ensure that staff receive ongoing training through the Institute of Child Nutrition and initiatives like USDA’s Team Nutrition and What’s Shaking: Creative Ways to Boost Flavor with Less Sodium.
- Share successful strategies with other schools, parents, and the media.
- Page last reviewed: August 31, 2015
- Page last updated: August 31, 2015
- Content source:
- National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health
- Page maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communication, Digital Media Branch, Division of Public Affairs