European Underwater and Baromedical Society

The European Underwater and Baromedical Society (EUBS) is a primary source of information for diving and hyperbaric medicine physiology worldwide. The organization was initially formed as the European Underwater and Biomedical Society in 1971 and was an affiliate of the Undersea Medical Society for several years. Its purpose is promoting the advancement of diving and hyperbaric medicine and the education of those involved in the field; EUBS provides a forum and a journal for exchange of information and promotes research into diving medicine.


The European Underwater and Biomedical Society was founded on 30 September 1971 in a room made available by the Royal Society of Medicine.[1][2] The group of 20 attendees accepted the corporate by-laws and constitution.[2] Members of the first executive committee were also selected.[3] The first President of EUBS was Dr. Carl Magnus Hesser of Sweden and he served as chairman for the first EUBS symposium in Stockholm in 1973. Dennis Walder of England was the first vice president and Peter Barnard of England was the secretary/treasurer. Two additional positions were filled by John Rawlins of England as the "Past president" and Xavier Fructus of France as the "Former past president". The remaining members of the executive committee included J.H. Corriol of France, Klaus Seemann of Germany, Poul Eric Paulev of Denmark.

The EUBS Founders set out to initially set up a chapter of the Undersea Medical Society but ultimately decided to form their own Society.[1] There was a perception that the United States was too far for many in Europe to travel for meetings and that a European organisation, if possible affiliated to the UMS, would be viable. The decision to establish a separate body, rather than a local chapter of the UMS was made because the law would allow an independent society to become a charity and avoid tax, which was not possible for a local branch of a US organisation. There were also restrictions in the early 1970s on United Kingdom citizens moving currency, which would have made it difficult to pay subscriptions to the UMS in the USA.

The 1972 Annual meeting took place on 19 August in London. The date was chosen to convenience attendees who were on a charter flight the next day to the Fifth Underwater Physiology Symposium in the Bahamas, and the Honorary Secretary Peter Barnard expressed his hopes that "the friendly atmosphere of the Bahamas" would provide a conducive atmosphere to discuss the proposed relationship between the EUBS and the UMS. On the matter of affiliation, Barnard stated his personal opinion:[1][4]

"We will come closer to being a strong and useful international body by binding together strong local societies, such as the European Underwater and Biomedical Society and the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society, than we could have hoped to do by trying to promote growth at the periphery from the center of the United States. (…) I believe that the growth of local societies will attract many who would not have joined the UMS. It will be our task to persuade these new members that they are members also of that international community of interest for which the Undersea Medical Society has worked since its foundation."

At the Bahamas symposium in 1972, the two Societies stated jointly that the EUBS would be a "regional affiliate" and perform the functions normally performed by a regional chapter.[1] In 1973, an agreement was reached that allowed the EUBS members "full privileges" in the UMS.[1] At that time, David Elliott of England was the President-elect of the UMS and made significant contributions to the understanding between the Societies.[1] Around 1977, misunderstandings and bad feelings arose from difficulties concerning the joint membership and expenses that resulted in the end of the previous arrangement.[1]

After the 1991 meeting in Crete, the name of the society was changed from "Biomedical" to "Baromedical" to be more inclusive of hyperbaric medicine.[1]


The aims of the EUBS are to promote the advancement of diving and hyperbaric medicine and education of groups and individuals involved in the field.[5][6] They do this by facilitating collaboration between life sciences and other disciplines involved with hyperbaric activity.[6]


The EUBS promotes and sponsors numerous educational opportunities to promote safety within the field. EUBS projects in 2013 include research into the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment on osteoradionecrosis and on lower limb trauma.[7]


In 1971, a newsletter was formed with distribution to diving medical professionals. Dr Peter Mueller transformed the newsletter into a quarterly journal in 2000.[8] The new publication was called the European Journal of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine.[8] The journal's name was changed to Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine in 2007 and incorporated the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society in 2008.[9] In 2011, Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine was approved for indexation in MEDLINE.[10]


  1. Bornmann, Robert C (1991). "Foundation for tenth years of accomplishment". Proceedings of the XVIIth Meeting of the European Underwater and Baromedical Society. Heraklion, Kriti, Greece: European Underwater and Baromedical Society.
  2. Elliott, David (2011). "The foundations for today's future". Diving Hyperb Med. 41 (3): 118–20. PMID 21948494. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  3. Barnard, EEP (2011). "The proceedings of the inaugural meeting of the European Undersea Bio-Medical Society 1971". Diving Hyperb Med. 41 (3). Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  4. Barnard, EEP (August 1972). "Undersea Medicine". Aerospace Medicine. 43 (8): 936.
  5. Bornmann, Robert C; Greenbaum, Leon J (2001). "EUBS: Thirty years of growth and progress". European Journal of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine. European Underwater and Baromedical Society. 2 (4): 95–99. ISSN 1605-9204.
  6. "EUBS Constitution and Bylaws". European Underwater and Baromedical Society. Archived from the original on 13 March 2001. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  7. "EUBS Research and Courses Page". European Underwater and Baromedical Society. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  8. Knight, John (2000). "Welcome European Journal of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. 30 (3). Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  9. Acott, Chris; Brubakk, Alf O (2008). "Messages from the Presidents of SPUMS and EUBS". Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine. 38 (1). Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  10. Davis, F Michael (2011). "The Editor's offering: MEDLINE indexation for DHM". Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine. 41 (1). Retrieved 8 June 2011.
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