Thoracoacromial artery

The thoracoacromial artery (acromiothoracic artery; thoracic axis) is a short trunk that arises from the second part of the axillary artery, its origin being generally overlapped by the upper edge of the pectoralis minor.

Thoracoacromial artery
Branches of axillary artery, including thoracoacromial artery
The scapular and circumflex arteries. (Thoracoacromial branch of thoracoacromial labeled at upper right.)
Sourceaxillary artery
Latinarteria thoracoacromialis
Anatomical terminology


Projecting forward to the upper border of the Pectoralis minor, it pierces the coracoclavicular fascia and divides into four branches—pectoral, acromial, clavicular, and deltoid.

Pectoral branchDescends between the two pectorales, and is distributed to them and to the mamma, anastomosing with the intercostal branches of the internal thoracic artery and with the lateral thoracic.
Acromial branchRuns laterally over the coracoid process and under the deltoideus, to which it gives branches; it then pierces that muscle and ends on the acromion in an arterial network formed by branches from the transverse scapular (a.k.a. suprascapular), thoracoacromial, and posterior humeral circumflex arteries.
Clavicular branchRuns upward and medialward to the sternoclavicular joint, supplying this articulation, and the subclavius.
Deltoid (humeral) branchOften arising with the acromial, it crosses over the pectoralis minor and passes in the same groove as the cephalic vein, between the pectoralis major and deltoideus, and gives branches to both muscles.

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 588 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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