Retromandibular vein

The retromandibular vein (temporomaxillary vein, posterior facial vein), formed by the union of the superficial temporal and maxillary veins, descends in the substance of the parotid gland, superficial to the external carotid artery but beneath the facial nerve, between the ramus of the mandible and the sternocleidomastoideus muscle.

Posterior facial vein
Veins of the head and neck
(retromandibular vein visible at center).
Dissection, showing salivary glands of right side (retromandibular vein visible at bottom center).
SourceSuperficial temporal vein,
maxillary veins
Drains toExternal jugular vein
ArteryFacial artery
LatinVena retromandibularis,
vena facialis posterior
Anatomical terminology

It divides into two branches:

Parrot's sign is a sensation of pain when pressure is applied to the retromandibular region.

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 646 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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