Posterior interosseous artery

The posterior interosseous artery (dorsal interosseous artery) is an artery of the forearm.

Posterior interosseous artery
Arteries of the back of the forearm and hand. (Dorsal interosseus labeled at center right.)
The Supinator. (Dorsal interosseus art. labeled at center right.)
SourceCommon Interosseous Artery
SuppliesExtensor digiti minimi, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, extensor digitorum, extensor indicis, abductor pollicis longus
Latinarteria interossea posterior
Anatomical terminology

It passes backward between the oblique cord and the upper border of the interosseous membrane. It appears between the contiguous borders of the supinator and the abductor pollicis longus, and runs down the back of the forearm between the superficial and deep layers of muscles, to both of which it distributes branches.

Where it lies upon the abductor pollicis longus and the extensor pollicis brevis, it is accompanied by the dorsal interosseous nerve. At the lower part of the forearm it anastomoses with the termination of the volar interosseous artery, and with the dorsal carpal network.

It gives off, near its origin, the interosseous recurrent artery, which ascends to the interval between the lateral epicondyle and olecranon, on or through the fibers of the Supinator, but beneath the anconeus, and anastomoses with the middle collateral branch of the profunda brachii, the posterior ulnar recurrent and the inferior ulnar collateral.

Additional images

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 596 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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