Pneumonitis is an inflammation of lung tissue[1][2] due to factors other than microorganisms. Those can be radiation therapy of the chest,[3], exposure to medications used during chemo-therapy, the inhalation of debris (e.g., animal dander) of food particles during vomiting, herbicides or fluorocarbons and some systemic diseases.

Other namesPulmonitis

It is distinguished from pneumonia on the basis of causation as well as its manifestation since pneumonia can be described as pneumonitis combined with consolidation and exudation of lung tissue due to infection with microorganism.[4]



A chest X-ray or CT is necessary to differentiate between pneumonitis and pneumonia of an infectious etiology. Some degree of pulmonary fibrosis may be evident in a CT which is indicative of chronic pulmonary inflammatory processes.


It can be classified into acute interstitial pneumonitis, blood pneumonitis, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, radiation pneumonitis, and uremic pneumonitis.[2]


Typical treatment for pneumonitis includes conservative use of corticosteroids such as a short course of oral prednisone or methylprednisolone. Inhaled corticosteroids such as fluticasone or budesonide may also be effective for reducing inflammation and preventing re-inflammation on a chronic level by suppressing inflammatory processes that may be triggered by environmental exposures such as allergens.

See also


  1. "pneumonitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. Stedman's medical dictionary (28th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2006. ISBN 978-0-7817-6450-6.
  3. "Pneumonitis - Symptoms and causes".
  4. "pneumonia" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  6. "Pneumonitis. Medical information about Pneumonitis".
  7. "Mushroom Toxicity: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". 6 January 2017 via eMedicine. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
External resources

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.