Outline of medicine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to medicine:

The Rod of Asclepius, a symbol commonly associated with medicine

Medicine science of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintaine health by the prevention and treatment of illness.


Branches of medicine

  1. Anesthesiology practice of medicine dedicated to the relief of pain and total care of the surgical patient before, during and after surgery.
  2. Cardiology branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the heart and the blood vessels.
  3. Critical care medicine focuses on life support and the intensive care of the seriously ill.
  4. Dentistry branch of medicine that deals with treatment of diseases in the oral cavity
  5. Dermatology branch of medicine that deals with the skin, hair, and nails.
  6. Emergency medicine focuses on care provided in the emergency department
  7. Endocrinology branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the endocrine system.
  8. Epidemiology study of cause and prevalence of diseases and programs to contain them
  9. First aid assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and/or promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing CPR while awaiting an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut.
  10. Gastroenterology branch of medicine that deals with the study and care of the digestive system.
  11. General practice (often called family medicine) is a branch of medicine that specializes in primary care.
  12. Geriatrics branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of the elderly.
  13. Gynaecology diagnosis and treatment of the female reproductive system
  14. Hematology branch of medicine that deals with the blood and the circulatory system.
  15. Hepatology branch of medicine that deals with the liver, gallbladder and the biliary system.
  16. Infectious disease branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of infectious disease, especially for complex cases and immunocompromised patients.
  17. Internal medicine involved with adult diseases
  18. Neurology branch of medicine that deals with the brain and the nervous system.
  19. Nephrology branch of medicine which deals with the kidneys.
  20. Obstetrics care of women during and after pregnancy
  21. Oncology branch of medicine that studies the types of cancer.
  22. Ophthalmology branch of medicine that deals with the eyes.
  23. Optometry branch of medicine that involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
  24. Orthopaedics branch of medicine that deals with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  25. Otorhinolaryngology branch of medicine that deals with the ears, nose and throat.
  26. Pathology study of causes and pathogenesis of diseases.
  27. Pediatrics branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of children and in some countries like the U.S. young adults.
  28. Preventive medicine measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
  29. Psychiatry branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
  30. Pulmonology branch of medicine that deals with the respiratory system.
  31. Radiology branch of medicine that employs medical imaging to diagnose and treat disease.
  32. Sports medicine branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
  33. Rheumatology branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases.
  34. Surgery branch of medicine that uses operative techniques to investigate or treat both disease and injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.
  35. Urology branch of medicine that deals with the urinary system of both sexes and the male reproductive system

    History of medicine

    Medical biology

    Medical biology

    Fields of medical biology

    Illness (diseases and disorders)

    Medical practice

    Practice of medicine



    Medical equipment

    Medical equipment

    Medical facilities

    • Clinic
    • Hospice
      • List of hospice programs
    • Hospital
      • List of hospitals in the United States
        • List of burn centers in the United States
        • List of Veterans Affairs medical facilities

    Medical education

    Medical education education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician, additional training thereafter, and fellowship.

    Medical research

    Medical research

    Medical jargon

    Medical terminology

    Medical abbreviations and acronyms

    Medical glossaries

    Medical organizations

    Government agencies

    Medical publications

    • List of important publications in medicine
    • List of important publications in psychology
    • List of medical journals
      • List of defunct medical journals
    • List of medical and health informatics journals

    Persons influential in medicine

    Medical scholars

    An Arabic manuscript, dated 1200 CE, titled Anatomy of the Eye, authored by al-Mutadibih.
    • The earliest known physician, Hesyre.
    • The first recorded female physician, Peseshet.
    • Borsippa, a Babylonian who wrote the Diagnostic Handbook.
    • The Iranian chemist, Rhazes.
    • Avicenna, the philosopher and physician.
    • Greco-Roman medical scholars:
      • Hippocrates, commonly considered the father of modern medicine.
      • Galen, known for his ambitious surgeries.
      • Andreas Vesalius
      • Oribasius, a Byzantine who compiled medical knowledge.
    • Abu al-Qasim, an Islamic physician known as the father of modern surgery.
    • Medieval European medical scholars:
      • Theodoric Borgognoni, one of the most significant surgeons of the medieval period, responsible for introducing and promoting important surgical advances including basic antiseptic practice and the use of anaesthetics.
      • Guy de Chauliac, considered to be one of the earliest fathers of modern surgery, after the great Islamic surgeon, Abu al-Qasim.
      • Realdo Colombo, anatomist and surgeon who contributed to understanding of lesser circulation.
      • Michael Servetus, considered to be the first European to discover the pulmonary circulation of the blood.
      • Ambroise Paré suggested using ligatures instead of cauterisation and tested the bezoar stone.
      • William Harvey describes blood circulation.
      • John Hunter, surgeon.
      • Amato Lusitano described venous valves and guessed their function.
      • Garcia de Orta first to describe Cholera and other tropical diseases and herbal treatments
      • Percivall Pott, surgeon.
      • Sir Thomas Browne physician and medical neologist.
      • Thomas Sydenham physician and so-called "English Hippocrates."
    • Kuan Huang, who studied abroad and brought his techniques back to homeland china.
    • Ignaz Semmelweis, who studied and decreased the incidence of childbed fever.
    • Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch founded bacteriology.
    • Alexander Fleming, whose accidental discovery of penicillin advanced the field of antibiotics.

    Pioneers in medicine

    General concepts in medicine

    See also

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