Osteopathic medicine in Canada

Osteopathic medicine in Canada is similar to conventional medicine in Canada, with the addition of osteopathic manipulation to diagnose and treat patients. Osteopathic physicians hold equal practice rights to non-osteopathic physicians (MDs) in Canada. North American osteopathic medicine requires an osteopathic physician to be trained and receive the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree granted by a College of Osteopathic Medicine accredited by the American Osteopathic Association.

This article discusses osteopathic physicians practicing medicine in Canada, for non-physician osteopathic practitioners, see Osteopathy in Canada.
Osteopathic Medicine & Osteopathy
Osteopathy in Australia & New Zealand
Osteopathic medicine in Canada
Osteopathy in Europe · Osteopathy in the UK
Osteopathic medicine in the United States

The Canadian Osteopathic Association (COA) represents osteopathic physicians registered for medical practice across Canada, and the Canadian Osteopathic Medical Student Association (COMSA) is the affiliated student organization. In Canada, the titles "osteopath" and "osteopathic physician" are protected in some provinces by the medical regulatory college for physicians and surgeons.[1][2][3] As of 2011, there were approximately 20 U.S.-trained osteopathic physicians, all of whom held a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree, practicing in all of Canada.[4] As of 2014, no training programs have been established for osteopathic physicians in Canada.[5] Currently, there are no DO programs outside the United States. DO programs are accredited by the Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation (COCA) of the American Osteopathic Association.[6] The authority for licensure of osteopathic physicians lies with the provincial Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

Licensing requirements for osteopathic physicians

This is a summary of the licensing requirements of osteopathic physicians in Canada:[13]

Province / Territory Scope of practise Requirements for Licensure
Alberta Unlimited. LMCC, COMLEX, USMLE, accepted for licensure.
British Columbia Unlimited. LMCC, COMLEX, USMLE, FLEX, NBME accepted for licensure.
Manitoba Unlimited. US License recognized
New Brunswick Unlimited. LMCC, COMLEX, accepted for licensure. DOs registered in Maine accepted for licensure.
Newfoundland and Labrador Unlimited. US License recognized
Northwest Territories Unlimited. US License recognized
Nova Scotia Unlimited. LMCC and COMLEX accepted for licensure.
Ontario Unlimited. LMCC, COMLEX, and USMLE accepted for licensure.
Prince Edward Island Unlimited.
Quebec Unlimited. 1 year GME in Quebec & French fluency required. LMCC and COMLEX accepted for licensure
Saskatchewan Unlimited.
Yukon Unlimited. US License recognized

The Canadian Osteopathic Association started the Canadian Osteopathic Medical Student Association in 2011.[14]

See also


  1. "Ontario Medicine Act – Restricted Titles, Section 9". Province of Ontario, Canada. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  2. "''British Columbia Medical Practitioners Act,'' Section 40 Registration of Osteopaths". 1 June 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  3. "''Alberta Medical Profession Act,'' Sections 3 and 18". Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  4. "MSUCOM pilot program targets Canadian students for training". The DO. Archived from the original on 2014-04-24. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  5. "Who Provides Osteopathy?". Ontario Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners. Archived from the original on 2014-04-24. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2014-04-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Canadian Osteopathic Practice (.doc)". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  8. Ontario Medicine Act – Restricted Titles, Section 9
  9. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario Doctor of Osteopathy Registration Policy Statement
  10. "Bylaws" (PDF). College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  11. "Alberta Medical Profession Act: Sections 3 and 18". Federation of Law Societies of Canada. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  12. Use of Titles Albert Health Professions Act Schedule 21
  13. "AOA International Licensure Summary" (PDF). American Osteopathic Association. April 2013.
  14. "Welcome!". Canadian Osteopathic Medical Student Association. 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.

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