Nasal placode

The nasal placode (or olfactory placode[1]) gives rise to the olfactory epithelium of the nose. Two nasal placodes arise as thickened ectoderm from the frontonasal process. During the fifth week of development the placodes increase in size. In the sixth week of development the centre of each placode grows inwards to form the two nasal pits. The invaginations will give rise to the olfactory epithelium that lines the roof of the nasal cavity.[2]

Nasal placode
Nasal pit shown as olfactory pit
Gives rise toolfactory epithelium
SystemOlfactory system
Latinplacoda nasalis, placoda olfactoria
Anatomical terminology

The nasal pits are oval shaped and they leave a raised margin which is divided into a medial nasal process and a lateral nasal process.[2]

The medial and lateral nasal process of each placode gives rise to the nose, the philtrum of the upper lip and the primary palate.[2]

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. hednk-027—Embryo Images at University of North Carolina
  2. Larsen, William J. (2001). Human embryology (3. ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone. pp. 353–367. ISBN 0-443-06583-7.

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