Episcleral layer

The episclera is the outermost layer of the sclera (the white of the eye).[1] It is composed of loose, fibrous, elastic tissue and attaches to Tenon's capsule.[1]

Episcleral layer
Latinlamina episcleralis
Anatomical terminology

A vascular plexus is found between the bulbar conjunctiva and the sclera consisting of two layers of vessels, the superficial episcleral vessels and the deep episcleral vessels.

Clinical significance

In episcleritis, the episclera and Tenon's capsule are infiltrated with inflammatory cells.[2]


  1. Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainesville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.
  2. Heath, G. "The episclera, sclera and conjunctiva: An overview of relevant ocular anatomy." Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine OT. February 10, 2006.

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