Corniculate cartilages

The corniculate cartilages (cartilages of Santorini) are two small conical nodules consisting of elastic cartilage, which articulate with the summits of the arytenoid cartilages and serve to prolong them posteriorly and medially.

Corniculate cartilages
Ligaments of the larynx. Posterior view. (Corniculate cartilage labeled at center right.)
The entrance to the larynx, viewed from behind. (Corniculate cartilage labeled at bottom right.)
LatinCartilagines corniculatae
Anatomical terminology

They are situated in the posterior parts of the aryepiglottic folds of mucous membrane, and are sometimes fused with the arytenoid cartilages.


It is named by Giovanni Domenico Santorini.[1][2] The word "Corniculate" has a Latin root "cornu". Cornu means horn like projections. The projections of Corniculate cartilage look like "horns" hence the name.[3]

Additional images


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1075 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. synd/3088 at Who Named It?
  2. G. D. Santorini. Observationes anatomicae. Venetiis, apus J. B. Recurti, 1724; Leiden, 1939.
  3. "Farlex free dictionary:Corniculate".
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