- bilioenteric fistula: abnormal connection to small bowel, usually duodenum.
- thoracobiliary fistula: abnormal connection to pleural space or bronchus (rare).
|Duodeno Biliary Fistula|
These may be contrasted to a bile leak, in which bile escapes the bile ducts through a perforation or faulty surgical anastomosis into the abdominal cavity. Damage to a bile duct may result in a leak, which may eventually become a biliary fistula.
Signs and symptoms
A biliary fistula often occurs in be suspected in a person who has recently undergone a surgical procedure. Pain may occur if the leaked bile is also infected, which can subsequently lead to biliary peritonitis.
- Duzgun, A. P.; Ozmen, M. M.; Ozer, M. V.; Coskun, F. (2007). "Internal biliary fistula due to cholelithiasis: a single-centre experience". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 13 (34): 4606–4609. doi:10.3748/wjg.v13.i34.4606. PMC 4611836. PMID 17729415.