Anterior choroidal artery

The anterior choroidal artery originates from the internal carotid artery. However, it may (rarely) arise from the middle cerebral artery.[1]

Anterior choroidal artery
Sourceinternal carotid artery
LatinArteria chorioidea anterior
Anatomical terminology


The anterior choroidal artery serves structures in the prosencephalon, diencephalon, and mesencephalon:[2]

Clinical significance

The full extent of the damage caused by occlusion of the anterior choroidal artery is not known. However, studies show that the interruption of blood flow from this vessel can result in hemiplegia on the contralateral (opposite) side of the body, contralateral hemi-hypoesthesia, and homonymous hemianopsia.[3] These symptoms are thought to arise from ischemic damage to the posterior limb of the internal capsule, thalamus, and optic chiasm/optic tract. However, the posterior limb of the internal capsule also receives lenticulostriate arteries from the middle cerebral artery, thus creating partially redundant supply.[4]

See also


  1. Werner], [senior managing editor Maureen Barlow Pugh ; managing editor Barbara (2000). "Artery, anterior choroidal". Stedman's medical dictionary (27. ed.). Philadelphia, Pa. [u.a.]: Lippincott Williams & Williams. ISBN 0-683-40007-X.
  2. Ropper, Maurice Victor, Allan H. (2001). Adams and Victor's principles of neurology (7th ed.). New York: Medical Pub. Division, McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-067497-3.
  3. "Stroke chances". Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  4. Helgason, C; Caplan, LR (1986). "Anterior choroidal artery-territory infarction: Report of cases and review". Arch. Neurol. 43: 681–686. doi:10.1001/archneur.1986.00520070039015. PMID 3729746.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.