Accessory meningeal artery

The accessory meningeal artery (also accessory branch of middle meningeal artery, pterygomeningeal artery, small meningeal or parvidural branch) is a branch of the maxillary artery, sometimes derived from the middle meningeal artery.

Accessory meningeal artery
Plan of branches of maxillary artery (accessory meningeal visible top left)
Plan of branches of maxillary artery
SourceMaxillary artery
LatinRamus accessorius arteriae meningeae mediae
Anatomical terminology


It enters the skull through the foramen ovale, and supplies the trigeminal ganglion and dura mater.


Only about 10% of the blood flowing through this artery reaches intracranial structures.[1] The remaining blood flow is dispersed to extracranial structures around the infratemporal fossa.

Reflecting this fact, Terminologia Anatomica lists entries for both "accessory branch of middle meningeal artery" and "pterygomeningeal artery".[2]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 561 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. Vitek J (1989). "Accessory meningeal artery: an anatomic misnomer". AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 10 (3): 569–73. PMID 2501989.
  2. Federative Committee on Anatomical Termi (1998). Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology. Thieme Stuttgart. ISBN 3-13-114361-4.
  • Dilenge D, Géraud G (1976). "Accessory meningeal artery". Acta Radiol Suppl. 347: 63–9. PMID 207149.
  • lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (infratempfossaart)

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